Phonics and Reading


Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them learn to read and spell.  Across the school children are taught phonics daily using the National Letters and Sounds programme supported by Jolly Phonics materials. In KS1 children use Phonics play and Spelling play programs to enhance learning.

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words.

In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:


They are taught GPCs. This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p.


Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.


Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.



Reading is encouraged through all aspects of the curriculum, and the school has various reading schemes which are used in guided and independent reading. Our reading books have been carefully chosen to ensure they are phonically decodable and are carefully matched to pupils' developing phonic knowledge. SISN children in school have their own login for Reading Eggs our online reading scheme, which includes tasks to develop decoding and reading comprehension skills,

Please speak to your child's class teacher if you would like further information about the curriculum.